HOWTO Virtual Mail Hosting on CentOS 6.x – Postfix MySQL Dovecot PostfixAdmin Amavisd-new Spamassassin Clamav DKIM SPF


This is an advanced email server configuration. This configuration will allow you to serve multiple domains on one server. This howto will allow you to setup a server that is one of four mail server types:

  • Mail server with spam and virus checking (Most people. Do everything in the howto)
  • Mail server w/o spam and virus checking (Someone else is doing email filtering for you)
  • Backup MX / spam and virus filtering server (you want to divide things up)
  • Backup MX (You want to receive and hold mail while your main server is down)

You will get the following features:

  • Postfix: the workhorse behind the mail receiving and sending
  • smtp authentication
  • secure smtp using TLS
  • Dovecot: imap and pop3 mailbox service
  • secure imap and pop3
  • server side filtering of flagged spam to a spam folder
  • mysql: handle all the virtual domains and users
  • PostfixAdmin: GUI for domain administration
  • roundcube: web mail access
  • spam/virus filtering using amavisd-new, spamassassin and clamav

Books You May Find Helpful

The following books may be helpful for some people.

The Accidental Administrator: Linux Server Step-by-Step Configuration Guide

Learning the bash Shell: Unix Shell Programming (In a Nutshell (O’Reilly))

Installing CentOS

Start with my HOWTO: CentOS 6.x base server. That howto will get CentOS installed and ready for this howto.

WARNING: Not following the base server howto will cause you grief. Due to 6.4+ changes things will break.

Installing The Software

We’ll start with the yum installs.
> yum install roundcubemail dovecot dovecot-mysql dovecot-pigeonhole cyrus-sasl-devel cyrus-sasl-sql subversion
> yum install perl-MailTools perl-MIME-EncWords perl-MIME-Charset perl-Email-Valid perl-Test-Pod perl-TimeDate
> yum install perl-Mail-Sender perl-Log-Log4perl imapsync offlineimap
> yum install amavisd-new clamav clamd razor-agents perl-Convert-BinHex

Postfix.Admin doesn’t have an rpm so we need to download it and put it where we want it.
> wget
> tar -xzvf postfixadmin-2.3.5.tar.gz
> mv postfixadmin-2.3.5 /usr/share/postfixadmin

Configuring The Server

Setup SSL Certificate

Now generate an SSL certificate for postfix and dovecot to have TLS support. Replace with your server hostname.
> genkey –days 3650

Setup the Virtual Mail User

Next we’ll configure the mail store directory. We put it in the /home directory to make backups and other item easy. So type the following.
> mkdir /home/vmail
> chmod 770 /home/vmail
> useradd -r -u 101 -g mail -d /home/vmail -s /sbin/nologin -c “Virtual mailbox” vmail
> chown vmail:mail /home/vmail

Configuring Postfix Admin

Create the apache config file for postfixadmin and restart apache.

	alias /mailadmin /usr/share/postfixadmin
	<Directory "/usr/share/postfixadmin">
	AllowOverride AuthConfig

> service httpd restart

Now we need to setup the mysql database for postfixadmin. We only need to create the database and user. The setup file will create the rest.
> mysql -u root -p -e “CREATE DATABASE postfix;”
> mysql -u root -p -e “CREATE USER postfix@localhost IDENTIFIED BY ‘choose_a_password’;”
> mysql -u root -p -e “GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON postfix . * TO postfix@localhost;”

Now its time to setup the config file. Don’t forget to set your password. Paste the following into the file.
> cd /usr/share/postfixadmin
> nano -w config.local.php

	* Contains configuration options that override the default config file
	* !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
	* You have to set $CONF['configured'] = true; before the
	* application will run!
	* Doing this implies you have changed this file as required.
	* i.e. configuring database etc; specifying setup.php password etc.
	$CONF['configured'] = true;
	// In order to setup Postfixadmin, you MUST specify a hashed password here.
	// To create the hash, visit setup.php in a browser and type a password into the field,
	// on submission it will be echoed out to you as a hashed value.
	$CONF['setup_password'] = 'changeme';
	$CONF['postfix_admin_url'] = '/mailadmin';
	$CONF['database_type'] = 'mysql';
	$CONF['database_host'] = 'localhost';
	$CONF['database_user'] = 'postfix';
	$CONF['database_password'] = 'changeme';
	$CONF['database_name'] = 'postfix';
	$CONF['admin_email'] = 'postmaster@change-this-to-your.domain.tld';
	$CONF['encrypt'] = 'md5crypt';
	$CONF['dovecotpw'] = "/usr/sbin/dovecotpw";
	$CONF['min_password_length'] = 6;
	$CONF['page_size'] = '20';
	$CONF['domain_path'] = 'YES';
	$CONF['domain_in_mailbox'] = 'NO';
	$CONF['aliases'] = '50';
	$CONF['mailboxes'] = '50';
	$CONF['maxquota'] = '100';
	$CONF['quota'] = 'YES';
	$CONF['quota_multiplier'] = '1024000';
	$CONF['transport'] = 'YES';
	$CONF['transport_options'] = array (
	'virtual', // for virtual accounts
	'local', // for system accounts
	'relay' // for backup mx
	$CONF['transport_default'] = 'virtual';
	$CONF['vacation'] = 'YES';
	$CONF['vacation_domain'] = 'autoreply.change-this-to-your.domain.tld';
	$CONF['vacation_control'] ='YES';
	$CONF['vacation_control_admin'] = 'YES';
	$CONF['special_alias_control'] = 'YES';
	$CONF['user_footer_link'] = "http://change-this-to-your.domain.tld/main";
	$CONF['show_footer_text'] = 'YES';
	$CONF['footer_text'] = 'Return to change-this-to-your.domain.tld';
	$CONF['footer_link'] = 'http://change-this-to-your.domain.tld';
	$CONF['used_quotas'] = 'YES';
	$CONF['new_quota_table'] = 'YES';
	// $CONF['create_mailbox_subdirs_hostoptions']=array('notls');

Next we need to run the setup.php script in a web browser. Enter the url in your browser. Ex.

If everything shows OK then create the admin user using the form displayed. Follow the instructions for setting the setup password.

Log into the web interface and follow the directions.

Configuring Postfix

Here we go with more config files. You’ll have to be sure to change some settings to match your host. The config files will have sections commented out. Don’t worry about it. These sections are for spam/virus/sympa configuration. Just copy and past to create the config files. What ever you see here replaces what already exists.

The main postfix config files.

	# postfix config file
	# uncomment for debugging if needed
	# postfix main
	mail_owner = postfix
	setgid_group = postdrop
	delay_warning_time = 4
	# postfix paths
	html_directory = no
	command_directory = /usr/sbin
	daemon_directory = /usr/libexec/postfix
	queue_directory = /var/spool/postfix
	sendmail_path = /usr/sbin/sendmail.postfix
	newaliases_path = /usr/bin/newaliases.postfix
	mailq_path = /usr/bin/mailq.postfix
	manpage_directory = /usr/share/man
	# network settings
	inet_interfaces = all
	mydomain =
	myhostname =
	mynetworks = $config_directory/mynetworks
	mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost
	relay_domains = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/
	# mail delivery
	recipient_delimiter = +
	# mappings
	alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
	alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases
	transport_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/transport
	#local_recipient_maps =
	# virtual setup
	virtual_alias_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/,
	virtual_mailbox_base = /home/vmail
	virtual_mailbox_domains = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/
	virtual_mailbox_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/
	virtual_mailbox_limit_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/
	virtual_minimum_uid = 101
	virtual_uid_maps = static:101
	virtual_gid_maps = static:12
	virtual_transport = dovecot
	dovecot_destination_recipient_limit = 1
	# debugging
	debug_peer_level = 2
	debugger_command =
	xxgdb $daemon_directory/$process_name $process_id & sleep 5
	# authentication
	smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
	smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous
	smtpd_sasl_local_domain = $myhostname
	broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes
	smtpd_sasl_type = dovecot
	smtpd_sasl_path = private/auth
	# tls config
	smtp_use_tls = yes
	smtpd_use_tls = yes
	smtpd_tls_security_level = may
	smtpd_tls_loglevel = 1
	smtpd_tls_received_header = yes
	smtpd_tls_session_cache_timeout = 3600s
	tls_random_source = dev:/dev/urandom
	smtp_tls_session_cache_database = btree:$data_directory/smtp_tls_session_cache
	# Change* to your host name
	smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/pki/tls/private/
	smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/pki/tls/certs/
	# smtpd_tls_CAfile = /etc/pki/tls/root.crt
	# rules restrictions
	smtpd_client_restrictions =
	smtpd_helo_restrictions =
	smtpd_sender_restrictions =
	smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_sasl_authenticated,
	# uncomment for realtime black list checks
	# ,reject_rbl_client
	# ,reject_rbl_client
	# ,reject_rbl_client
	smtpd_helo_required = yes
	unknown_local_recipient_reject_code = 550
	disable_vrfy_command = yes
	smtpd_data_restrictions = reject_unauth_pipelining
	# Other options
	# email size limit ~20Meg
	message_size_limit = 204800000


	# Postfix master process configuration file. For details on the format
	# of the file, see the Postfix master(5) manual page.
	# ***** Unused items removed *****
	# ==========================================================================
	# service type private unpriv chroot wakeup maxproc command + args
	# (yes) (yes) (yes) (never) (100)
	# ==========================================================================
	smtp inet n - n - - smtpd
	# -o content_filter=smtp-amavis:
	# -o receive_override_options=no_address_mappings
	pickup fifo n - n 60 1 pickup
	-o content_filter=
	-o receive_override_options=no_header_body_checks
	cleanup unix n - n - 0 cleanup
	qmgr fifo n - n 300 1 qmgr
	#qmgr fifo n - n 300 1 oqmgr
	tlsmgr unix - - n 1000? 1 tlsmgr
	rewrite unix - - n - - trivial-rewrite
	bounce unix - - n - 0 bounce
	defer unix - - n - 0 bounce
	trace unix - - n - 0 bounce
	verify unix - - n - 1 verify
	flush unix n - n 1000? 0 flush
	proxymap unix - - n - - proxymap
	smtp unix - - n - - smtp
	# When relaying mail as backup MX, disable fallback_relay to avoid MX loops
	relay unix - - n - - smtp
	-o fallback_relay=
	# -o smtp_helo_timeout=5 -o smtp_connect_timeout=5
	showq unix n - n - - showq
	error unix - - n - - error
	discard unix - - n - - discard
	local unix - n n - - local
	virtual unix - n n - - virtual
	lmtp unix - - n - - lmtp
	anvil unix - - n - 1 anvil
	scache unix - - n - 1 scache
	# ====================================================================
	# Interfaces to non-Postfix software. Be sure to examine the manual
	# pages of the non-Postfix software to find out what options it wants.
	# ====================================================================
	maildrop unix - n n - - pipe
	flags=DRhu user=vmail argv=/usr/local/bin/maildrop -d ${recipient}
	uucp unix - n n - - pipe
	flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient)
	ifmail unix - n n - - pipe
	flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient)
	bsmtp unix - n n - - pipe
	flags=Fq. user=foo argv=/usr/local/sbin/bsmtp -f $sender $nexthop $recipient
	# spam/virus section
	smtp-amavis unix - - y - 2 smtp
	-o smtp_data_done_timeout=1200
	-o disable_dns_lookups=yes
	-o smtp_send_xforward_command=yes inet n - y - - smtpd
	-o content_filter=
	-o smtpd_helo_restrictions=
	-o smtpd_sender_restrictions=
	-o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=permit_mynetworks,reject
	-o mynetworks=
	-o smtpd_error_sleep_time=0
	-o smtpd_soft_error_limit=1001
	-o smtpd_hard_error_limit=1000
	-o receive_override_options=no_header_body_checks
	-o smtpd_bind_address=
	-o smtpd_helo_required=no
	-o smtpd_client_restrictions=
	-o smtpd_restriction_classes=
	-o disable_vrfy_command=no
	-o strict_rfc821_envelopes=yes
	# Dovecot LDA
	dovecot unix - n n - - pipe
	flags=DRhu user=vmail:mail argv=/usr/libexec/dovecot/deliver -d ${recipient}
	# Vacation mail
	vacation unix - n n - - pipe
	flags=Rq user=vacation argv=/var/spool/vacation/ -f ${sender} -- ${recipient}


	# This specifies the list of subnets that Postfix considers as
	# "trusted" SMTP clients that have more privileges than "strangers".
	# In particular, "trusted" SMTP clients are allowed to relay mail
	# through Postfix.
	# Be sure to add your public ip address block if needed.

The postfix / mysql config files.

	hosts = localhost
	user = postfix
	password = postfix
	dbname = postfix
	query = SELECT goto FROM alias WHERE address='%s' AND active = '1'


	hosts = localhost
	user = postfix
	password = postfix
	dbname = postfix
	query = SELECT domain FROM domain WHERE domain='%s' AND backupmx = '0' AND active = '1'


	hosts = localhost
	user = postfix
	password = postfix
	dbname = postfix
	query = SELECT domain FROM domain WHERE domain='%s' and backupmx = '1'


	hosts = localhost
	user = postfix
	password = postfix
	dbname = postfix
	query = SELECT maildir FROM mailbox WHERE username='%s' AND active = '1'


	hosts = localhost
	user = postfix
	password = postfix
	dbname = postfix
	query = SELECT quota FROM mailbox WHERE username='%s' AND active = '1'

We need to touch a file. So type the follwoing.
> touch /etc/postfix/virtual_regexp

Configure Vacation Email Functionallity

Lets finish the postfix configuration with vacation mail. Don’t forget to fill in your domain name where needed. Type the following:

> useradd -r -d /var/spool/vacation -s /sbin/nologin -c “Virtual vacation” vacation
> mkdir /var/spool/vacation
> chmod 770 /var/spool/vacation
> cp /usr/share/postfixadmin/VIRTUAL_VACATION/ /var/spool/vacation/
> echo “ vacation:” > /etc/postfix/transport
> postmap /etc/postfix/transport
> chown -R vacation:vacation /var/spool/vacation
> echo “” >> /etc/hosts
> mkdir /etc/postfixadmin

Create /etc/postfixadmin/vacation.conf with the following:

	# ========== begin configuration ==========
	$db_type = 'mysql';
	$db_username = 'user';
	$db_password = 'password';
	$db_name = 'postfix';
	$vacation_domain = '';

Configuring Dovecot

Now for the dovecot config file. Dovecot now uses multiple config files to break things up. We’re going to only use a couple config files. So cut and paste the following files.
> mv /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf /etc/dovecot/
> nano -w /etc/dovecot/dovecot.conf

	## Dovecot config file
	protocols = imap pop3 lmtp sieve
	auth_mechanisms = plain login
	passdb {
	driver = sql
	args = /etc/dovecot/dovecot-mysql.conf
	userdb {
	driver = prefetch
	userdb {
	driver = sql
	args = /etc/dovecot/dovecot-mysql.conf
	mail_location = maildir:/home/vmail/%d/%n
	first_valid_uid = 101
	#last_valid_uid = 0
	first_valid_gid = 12
	#last_valid_gid = 0
	#mail_plugins =
	mailbox_idle_check_interval = 30 secs
	maildir_copy_with_hardlinks = yes
	service imap-login {
	inet_listener imap {
	port = 143
	inet_listener imaps {
	port = 993
	ssl = yes
	service pop3-login {
	inet_listener pop3 {
	port = 110
	inet_listener pop3s {
	port = 995
	ssl = yes
	service lmtp {
	unix_listener lmtp {
	#mode = 0666
	service imap {
	vsz_limit = 256M
	service pop3 {
	service auth {
	unix_listener auth-userdb {
	mode = 0666
	user = vmail
	group = mail
	# Postfix smtp-auth
	unix_listener /var/spool/postfix/private/auth {
	mode = 0666
	user = postfix
	group = postfix
	service auth-worker {
	service dict {
	unix_listener dict {
	mode = 0666
	user = vmail
	group = mail
	service managesieve-login {
	inet_listener sieve {
	port = 4190
	service_count = 1
	process_min_avail = 0
	vsz_limit = 64M
	service managesieve {
	ssl = yes
	ssl_cert = </etc/pki/tls/certs/your-server.your-domain.tld.crt
	ssl_key = </etc/pki/tls/private/your-server.your-domain.tld.key
	ssl_verify_client_cert = no
	#ssl_ca =
	lda_mailbox_autocreate = yes
	lda_mailbox_autosubscribe = yes
	protocol lda {
	mail_plugins = quota sieve
	postmaster_address = postmaster@your-domain.tld
	protocol imap {
	mail_plugins = quota imap_quota trash
	imap_client_workarounds = delay-newmail
	lmtp_save_to_detail_mailbox = yes
	protocol lmtp {
	mail_plugins = sieve
	protocol pop3 {
	mail_plugins = quota
	pop3_client_workarounds = outlook-no-nuls oe-ns-eoh
	protocol sieve {
	managesieve_max_line_length = 65536
	managesieve_implementation_string = Dovecot Pigeonhole
	managesieve_max_compile_errors = 5
	dict {
	quotadict = mysql:/etc/dovecot/dovecot-dict-quota.conf
	plugin {
	quota = dict:user::proxy::quotadict
	acl = vfile:/etc/dovecot/acls
	trash = /etc/dovecot/trash.conf
	sieve_global_path = /home/sieve/globalfilter.sieve
	sieve = ~/dovecot.sieve
	sieve_dir = ~/sieve
	sieve_global_dir = /home/sieve/
	#sieve_extensions = +notify +imapflags
	sieve_max_script_size = 1M
	#sieve_max_actions = 32
	#sieve_max_redirects = 4

Now for trash.conf
> nano -w /etc/dovecot/trash.conf

	1 Spam
	# Uncomment if you want trash as well
	# 2 Trash

Next we configure Dovecot to access mysql. Create the following file.
NOTE: password_query and user_query were formatted to fit on the webpage. Each one should only be one line in the file.

	driver = mysql
	connect = host=localhost dbname=postfix user=postfix password=yourpassword
	default_pass_scheme = MD5-CRYPT
	# following should all be on one line.
	password_query = SELECT username as user, password, concat('/home/vmail/', maildir) as userdb_home,
	concat('maildir:/home/vmail/', maildir) as userdb_mail, 101 as userdb_uid, 12 as userdb_gid FROM mailbox
	WHERE username = '%u' AND active = '1'
	# following should all be on one line
	user_query = SELECT concat('/home/vmail/', maildir) as home, concat('maildir:/home/vmail/', maildir) as mail,
	101 AS uid, 12 AS gid, CONCAT('*:messages=10000:bytes=', quota) as quota_rule FROM mailbox WHERE
	username = '%u' AND active = '1'

and /etc/dovecot/dovecot-dict-quota.conf

	connect = host=localhost dbname=postfix user=postfix password=password
	map {
	pattern = priv/quota/storage
	table = quota2
	username_field = username
	value_field = bytes
	map {
	pattern = priv/quota/messages
	table = quota2
	username_field = username
	value_field = messages

Finally set Dovecot to boot at startup.

Now Create the sieve filter for SPAM filtering.
> mkdir /home/sieve
> nano -w /home/sieve/globalfilter.sieve
> chown -R vmail:mail /home/sieve

	require "fileinto";
	if exists "X-Spam-Flag" {
	if header :contains "X-Spam-Flag" "NO" {
	} else {
	fileinto "Spam";
	if header :contains "subject" ["***SPAM***"] {
	fileinto "Spam";

Configuring Roundcube mail

Edit the roundcube apache config file to look like the following:
>nano -w /etc/httpd/conf.d/roundcubemail.conf

	# Round Cube Webmail is a browser-based multilingual IMAP client
	# Force https here instead of in Round Cube
	RewriteEngine On
	# This checks to make sure the connection is not already HTTPS
	RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
	# These rules will redirect all users who are using any part of /secure/ to the same location but using HTTPS.
	# i.e. to
	RewriteRule ^/?roundcubemail/(.*) https://%{SERVER_NAME}/roundcubemail/$1 [R,L]
	RewriteRule ^/?webmail/(.*) https://%{SERVER_NAME}/webmail/$1 [R,L]
	Alias /roundcubemail /usr/share/roundcubemail
	Alias /webmail /usr/share/roundcubemail
	<Directory /usr/share/roundcubemail/>
	Order Deny,Allow
	Deny from all
	Allow from all
	php_value suhosin.session.encrypt Off

Create the database for roundcube.
> mysql -u root -p -e “CREATE DATABASE roundcubemail;”
> mysql -u root -p -e “GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON roundcubemail.* TO roundcube@localhost IDENTIFIED BY ‘password’;”

Create the tables.
> mysql -u root -p roundcubemail < /usr/share/doc/roundcubemail-0.5.4/SQL/mysql.initial.sql

Edit /etc/roundcubemail/ and find the line:

	$rcmail_config['db_dsnw'] = 'mysql://roundcube:pass@localhost/roundcubemail';

Change ‘pass’ to your passowrd.

Edit /etc/roundcubemail/ and find the lines and make the changes below:


	$rcmail_config['default_host'] = '';

change to:

	$rcmail_config['default_host'] = 'localhost';


	$rcmail_config['smtp_server'] = '';

change to:

	$rcmail_config['smtp_server'] = 'localhost';


	$rcmail_config['force_https'] = false;

change to:

	$rcmail_config['force_https'] = true;


	$rcmail_config['plugins'] = array();

change to:

	$rcmail_config['plugins'] = array('managesieve');


	$rcmail_config['quota_zero_as_unlimited'] = false;

change to:

	$rcmail_config['quota_zero_as_unlimited'] = true;

Now lets configure the manage sieve plugin.
> cd /usr/share/roundcubemail/plugins/managesieve/
> cp

Edit and change the following:

	$rcmail_config['managesieve_port'] = 2000;


	$rcmail_config['managesieve_port'] = 4190;

Restart apache.
> service httpd restart

Configuring the Little Things That Drive You MAD

Be sure your /etc/hosts looks similar to the following.

	# Do not remove the following line, or various programs
	# that require network functionality will fail. localhost

Preparing and Testing the Postoffice

First things first. Reboot the system. If everything went well we all should be at the same point.

No errors? Lets keep going.

Setup a test domain and account. Setup your favorit mail client and send some test emails.

Setting up Spam and Virus Filtering (Optional)

Lets cover installing and configuring spam and virus filtering. Optional? Huh? Some people use a 3rd party or use a seperate server for filtering.

Here’s the clamav config file. Replace /etc/clamd.conf with the following:

	## Cconfig file for the Clam AV daemon
	## Please read the clamd.conf(5) manual before editing this file.
	# Logfile
	LogFile /var/log/clamav/clamd.log
	LogFileMaxSize 20M
	LogTime yes
	LogSyslog yes
	# Pid
	PidFile /var/run/clamav/
	# Paths
	TemporaryDirectory /var/tmp
	DatabaseDirectory /var/clamav
	LocalSocket /var/run/clamav/clamd
	# Sets the group ownership on the unix socket.
	# Default: disabled (the primary group of the user running clamd)
	#LocalSocketGroup virusgroup
	# Misc
	FixStaleSocket yes
	TCPSocket 3310
	MaxConnectionQueueLength 50
	MaxThreads 50
	ReadTimeout 240
	User clamav
	AllowSupplementaryGroups yes
	# Exe
	ScanPE yes
	ScanELF yes
	DetectBrokenExecutables yes
	# Docs
	ScanOLE2 yes
	ScanPDF yes
	# Mail
	ScanMail yes
	PhishingSignatures yes
	PhishingScanURLs yes
	# Data Loss Prevention (DLP)
	# Enable the DLP module
	# Default: No
	#StructuredDataDetection yes
	# This option sets the lowest number of Credit Card numbers found in a file
	# to generate a detect.
	# Default: 3
	#StructuredMinCreditCardCount 5
	# This option sets the lowest number of Social Security Numbers found
	# in a file to generate a detect.
	# Default: 3
	#StructuredMinSSNCount 5
	# With this option enabled the DLP module will search for valid
	# SSNs formatted as xxx-yy-zzzz
	# Default: yes
	#StructuredSSNFormatNormal yes
	# With this option enabled the DLP module will search for valid
	# SSNs formatted as xxxyyzzzz
	# Default: no
	#StructuredSSNFormatStripped yes
	# Archives
	ScanArchive yes
	ArchiveBlockEncrypted no

Configure Razor. Type the following:
> razor-admin -register -user=some_user -pass=somepas

Update and restart clamav:
> freshclam
> service clamd restart

Configuring Amavisd-new

You need to edit /etc/amavisd.conf
Here is a list of items you should change. just scroll through the file to find each item.

  • $mydomain = ‘’; # set to your domain name
  • $log_level = 1; # set the log leve to one
  • $sa_tag_level_deflt = -99; # i want to see the headers so change to -99
  • $sa_tag2_level_deflt = 5.0; # start with 5
  • $sa_kill_level_deflt = 9; # change to 9
  • $sa_dsn_cutoff_level = 9; # change to 9
  • $sa_quarantine_cutoff_level = 50; # remove the starting # and change to 50
  • $myhostname = ‘’; # remove the starting # and enter your host name
  • $notify_method = ‘smtp:[]:10025’; # uncomment the line
  • $forward_method = ‘smtp:[]:10025’; # uncomment the line
  • $final_banned_destiny = D_DISCARD; # change to D_DISCARD

Now enable clamav:
Change the following:

	# ###
	# ['ClamAV-clamd',
	# \&ask_daemon, ["CONTSCAN {}\n", "/var/run/clamav/clamd"],
	# qr/\bOK$/m, qr/\bFOUND$/m,
	# qr/^.*?: (?!Infected Archive)(.*) FOUND$/m ],


	\&ask_daemon, ["CONTSCAN {}\n", "/var/run/clamav/clamd"],
	qr/\bOK$/m, qr/\bFOUND$/m,
	qr/^.*?: (?!Infected Archive)(.*) FOUND$/m ],

Now update spamassassin and start amavisd-new.
> sa-update
> service amavisd-new start

Be sure to set amavisd-new to start at boot.

Telling Postfix to Start Filtering SPAM

To get postfix going we need to un-comment a couple lines in /etc/postfix/

	smtp inet n - n - - smtpd
	# -o content_filter=smtp-amavis:
	# -o receive_override_options=no_address_mappings

Change to:

	smtp inet n - n - - smtpd
	-o content_filter=smtp-amavis:
	-o receive_override_options=no_address_mappings

Restart postfix and you’re done.

Using The Roundcubemail Password Plugin (Optional)

Let your users change their password using roundcubemail instead of postfixadmin.

Edit /etc/roundcubemail/ and find the lines and make the changes below:


	$rcmail_config['plugins'] = array('managesieve');

change to:

	$rcmail_config['plugins'] = array('managesieve','password');

Now lets configure the password plugin.
> cd /usr/share/roundcubemail/plugins/password/
> cp



	$rcmail_config['password_db_dsn'] = '';

change to:

	$rcmail_config['password_db_dsn'] = 'mysql://postfix:your-postfixadmin-password@localhost/postfix';


	$rcmail_config['password_query'] = 'SELECT update_passwd(%c, %u)';

change to:

	$rcmail_config['password_query'] = 'UPDATE mailbox SET password=%c WHERE username=%u limit 1;';

Restart apache.
> service httpd restart

What is OpenDKIM?
It is a digital email signing/verification technology, which is already supported by some common mail providers. In general, DKIM means digitally signing all messages on the mail-server to verify the message was actually sent from the domain in question and was not spam


Install the package using yum:

## yum install opendkim


Next thing to do is to configure OpenDKIM. Its main configuration file is located in /etc/opendkim.conf, so before making any changes create a backup and add/edit the following:

## cp /etc/opendkim.conf{,.orig}
## vim /etc/opendkim.conf
AutoRestart             Yes
AutoRestartRate         10/1h
LogWhy                  Yes
Syslog                  Yes
SyslogSuccess           Yes
Mode                    sv
Canonicalization        relaxed/simple
ExternalIgnoreList      refile:/etc/opendkim/TrustedHosts
InternalHosts           refile:/etc/opendkim/TrustedHosts
KeyTable                refile:/etc/opendkim/KeyTable
SigningTable            refile:/etc/opendkim/SigningTable
SignatureAlgorithm      rsa-sha256
Socket                  inet:8891@localhost
PidFile                 /var/run/opendkim/
UMask                   022
UserID                  opendkim:opendkim
TemporaryDirectory      /var/tmp


Generate set of keys for your domain name:

## mkdir /etc/opendkim/keys/
## opendkim-genkey -D /etc/opendkim/keys/ -d -s default
## chown -R opendkim: /etc/opendkim/keys/
## mv /etc/opendkim/keys/ /etc/opendkim/keys/

add to OpenDKIM’s key table by adding the following record in /etc/opendkim/KeyTable

next, edit /etc/opendkim/SigningTable and add the following record to OpenDKIM’s signing table:


and add your domain and your hostname as trusted hosts in /etc/opendkim/TrustedHosts:

assuming the domain in question is ‘’ and server’s hostname is set to ‘’

finally, edit your DNS zone and add the TXT record from /etc/opendkim/keys/

default._domainkey      IN      TXT     ( "v=DKIM1; k=rsa; "
          "p=MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQDApHRr7ZmXRaAB+RQRbP4VdMwIrIHIP18KFtXRsv/xpWc0Gix6ZXN13fcG03KNGKZo2PY+csPkGC5quDnH5V0JEhDZ78KcDWFsU6u4fr9ktVAdt6P7jWXjcyqdHOZ8+YN4cAeU4lRFNgQvdupIcByYwzPYMgBFHfJm9014HvRqhwIDAQAB" )  ; ----- DKIM key default for

it is also a good idea to add an SPF record if you haven’t already 14400 IN TXT "v=spf1 a mx ~all"

you can verify your dkim TXT record is valid using dig for example:

## dig +short TXT

"v=DKIM1\; k=rsa\; " "p=MIGfMA0GCSqGSIb3DQEBAQUAA4GNADCBiQKBgQDApHRr7ZmXRaAB+RQRbP4VdMwIrIHIP18KFtXRsv/xpWc0Gix6ZXN13fcG03KNGKZo2PY+csPkGC5quDnH5V0JEhDZ78KcDWFsU6u4fr9ktVAdt6P7jWXjcyqdHOZ8+YN4cAeU4lRFNgQvdupIcByYwzPYMgBFHfJm9014HvRqhwIDAQAB"


In order to integrate OpenDKIM with Postfix we need to add the following few lines in /etc/postfix/

smtpd_milters           = inet:
non_smtpd_milters       = $smtpd_milters
milter_default_action   = accept
milter_protocol         = 2


Add OpenDKIM to your system’s start-up and start opendkim and restart postfix using the following commands:

## service opendkim start
## chkconfig opendkim on
## service postfix restart


To test the set-up simply send an email to and you should receive back an email containing something like this:

Summary of Results
SPF check:          pass
DomainKeys check:   neutral
DKIM check:         pass
DKIM check:         pass

Notes About Security And Clear Text Passwords From Mail Clients

My howto has been written to allow clear text passwords. This can and does cause security problem of sending of clear text passwords through the internet. This covers sending of the password from the client to the server. Passwords are stored in the database encrypted.

The configuration doesn’t require clients to use SSL/TLS. If you use SSL/TLS then the passwords are encrypted in the SSL connection. POPS, IMAPS and SMTPS all use SSL/TLS connection. So as long as your client supports secure connections to the mail server your clear text passwords will be secure.


With a bit of work you come out with a robust server.

This entry was posted in Apache, DNS, Linux, Mail server, MySQL, PHP, Postfix. Bookmark the permalink.

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